Preparing for a data science interview might seem like a huge mountain to climb with a huge variety of topics piled in front . But it isn’t hard as it seems to be.
The time is now!!
Having a wide range of topics to cover, calls for a need to set aside time and prepare meticulously for topics . Interviews can range from explaining logistic regression to a 5 year old to tuning the parameters of a model. Set aside a time every day to prepare and religiously sit down to prepare for on the topic interview. With consistent effort it is easier to be there on top of the mountain. From experience below are the topics we should be covering to ace your next data science interview
With a wide variety of topic it is entirely possible to get sucked into one of these holes. This makes it necessary to fix SMART goals and prepare towards these goals.
Below are the steps which I personally followed to prepare for my interviews.
- Review your background and prepare a list of topics you may want to cover. As data scientist come from different backgrounds such as political sciences, statistics, software engineering. It is important to understand your weak links and to prepare towards strengthening it.
- Write down your goals and prepare a schedule to work on the small weak links. By writing your goals you create a subconscious wiring to work towards these goals.
- Make a commitment by setting a time aside every day for you to religiously study the topics on your weak links list.
- Attend Interviews: Attending interviews is another way to get feedback to understand your week links and iterate over them.
- Review your goals: Set weekly review meetings with your self to review your current preparation
While these steps are important below are the topics which are essential for a data scientist to know.
To become a good data scientist one must have the ability to deliver insights from the data. You would be able to deliver insights with descent understanding of mathematical concepts. Go through a refreshers of linear algebra, probability and statistics theory.
Asking the right questions
This is more learned by practiced than taught. Many employers look in for the curiosity and the ability of the candidate to ask questions that can extract insights from the data. Take up a totally unknown data set and practice asking questions and look for answers for your question. With this approach you would improve your questions and strengthen your abilities to find the answers.
Applied machine learning
It is important to understand the basic algorithms in machine learning. Interviewers focus on how the candidate formulates the problem and his ability to transform business into an analytical problem. If you are new to machine learning, a good place to start understanding these concepts would be to enroll in a course or learn from the web. Do check the data science specialization at Coursera and nano degree’s at Udacity. These are a great place to start.
Learn white board coding
This is similar to a software engineer position where the interviewers test the candidate’s ability to define, analyze, solve and test the problem at hand. It is important to brush up concepts of algorithms and data structure. This has been a part of many product oriented data science interviews where the data scientist are expected to be good programmers. There are tons of websites and books to get you started here.
Get the right tools
Thou there many a wide range of tools to express analytics, the top choice of many data scientists have been python and R. Both the languages have great machine learning libraries. These tools would be good to know and have in your toolbox.
Be a data hacker
Learn data wrangling and mugging techniques in the language of choice. This helps to get up to speed with any given data set.
Relational databases are a part of every industry and it is important to learn the basics of databases and how to write efficient queries.
Learn Data Visualization
The best way to start understanding the data is to visualizing. Choose and learn visualization techniques in a tool of choice. Thou it would not be asked during an interview but it is a must required skillset for a good data scientist.
Practicing the theoretical concepts you learn with help you develop a better understanding of the concepts and also understand your weakness quickly.
Research about the role
Along with preparing for the interview, it is essential to align your skills to the type of data science role you are looking for. Think about what kind of data scientist you would want to be and which type of teams you would like to be a part of. Ask appropriate questions to understand the requirements of the role and tailor your needs. Look up the profiles of the people who would be interviewing to understand their background and performing similar roles at the company. This would help you to be understand the type of questions you could expect during the interview. It is important to identify the type of role the employer is looking to fill in, and focus your preparation towards that direction. Take time to understand the job description and also the background of people who would be interviewing you. Remember to work on your weakness on the chosen type of roles. Below are the simplified types of data scientist employers commonly look for.
Business Savvy Data Scientist
The business savvy data scientist focusses on building analytic solutions to help business users and final decision makers. They help to understand the underlying problems of a company’s marketing campaign, to understand churn or what interest the customers. Communication and story telling plays a major role for these type of roles as it involves communicating the value to non-technical people. They do not have to build complex models, but must unearth the value from the data to answer the questions of why and how.
Product Savvy Data Scientist
The other type of data scientist focuses on building products to help businesses. They build high complex models using sophisticated statistical and machine learning algorithms. They are very focused on improving the performance of the models where it has direct impact on the company’s product. They require to posses good statistical and solid computer science skills.
Hope the above steps helps you to crack your next data science interview. Don’t wait to make your next leap.
Resources to get Started
- Open Source Data Science Masters: This site offers a free list of resources to get you started on the curriculum.
- Quora: How do I become a data scientist
- Cross Validated: A stack exchange forum for data scientists and statisticians.
- Coursera – Online university courses
- Udacity – Online university courses
- Data Science 101 A blog on data science resources
- R-bloggers – A compilation of blogs focused on data analysis and statistics using
- Redit Machine Learning